Ancient History Sourcebook:
Letter of Pabi, Prince of Lachish, to Akhnaton, King of Kemet (i.e. Egypt), circa 1350
[Rogers Introduction]: This letter was found in the mound of Tell-el-Hesy (ancient
Lachish) Clay 14, 1.i92, by F. I. Bliss, and awakened great interest because it obviously
belongs to the same series as the Tell-el-Amarna letters and possesses the additional
interest of having been actually discovered in the soil of Palestine. Published by
Hilprecht, "Expedition of the University of Pennsylvania," vol. I; "Old
Babylonian Inscriptions," part 2, Plate 64, No. 147. Translated by Winckler,
"Keilinschriftliche Bibliothek," v, No. 219, and by Ungnad in Gressmann,
"Altorientalische Texte und Bilder," i, pp. 127-128, and by Knudtzon, "Die
El-Amarna Tafeln," No. 333.
To the Great One, thus speaks Pabi, at your feet do I fall.
You must know that Shipti-Ba'al and Zimrida are conspiring, and Shipti-Ba'al has said
to Zimrida "My father of the city Yarami has written to me: give me six bows, three
daggers and three swords. If I take the field against the land of the king and you march
at my side, I shall surely conquer. He who makes this plan is Pabi. Send him before
Now have I sent you Rapha-el. He will bring to the Great man intelligence concerning
From: Robert William Rogers, ed., Cuneiform Parallels to the Old Testament (New York: Eaton & Mains, & Cincinnati: Jennings & Graham, 1912), pp.
Scanned by: J. S. Arkenberg, Dept. of History, Cal. State Fullerton. Prof. Arkenberg
may have modernized the text.
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