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Greek Letter Combinations
(ligatures, etc.)

By ligatures are meant combinations of letters made for the sake of writing rather than the meaning of a word or words. For those see the separate Greek Abbreviations file.


Usual combinations of Minuscule letters
Combinations of letters in later minuscule MSS
Combinations of letters by superposition
These ligatures were made according to set rules, which were almost always followed in early minuscule MSS As uncial letter forms were mixed in with pure minuscule (for instance beta, kappa, pi), ligatures were created using both forms In some case super-positioning (placing one letter above another) created yet more new forms.
Source: Bernhard Abraham van Groningen, Short Manual of Greek Palaeography, (Leiden: 1940)

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