Subsidiary SourcebooksAfricanEastern AsianGlobalIndianJewishIslamicLesbian/GayScienceWomen

Special ResourcesByzantiumMedieval WebMedieval NYC
Medieval MusicSaints' Lives
Ancient Law
Medieval Law
Film: Ancient
Film: Medieval
Film: Modern
Film: Saints

About IHSPIJSP Credits

Documents on Native American Gender Issues

For far more documents on Native Americans see Jonathan Katz: Gay American History, (1976), section IV

I. Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca (1542)

On Indians in Florida, where he was held captive from 1528-1533

During the time I was among them I saw something very repulsive, namely, a man married to another. Such are impotent and womanish beings, who dress like women and perform the office of women, but use the bow and carry big loads. Among these Indians we saw many of them; they are more robust than the other men, taller,and can bear heavy burdens.

The Journey of Alvar Nuñez Cabeza De Vaca (1542) Translated by Fanny Bandelier(1905)
Whole text online at