Frederick II of Germany:
Grant to Lübeck of Freedom from Tolls at Cologne & Tiel, 1226
The Emperor Frederick II prevented the Cologne hanse from hindering the foreign
trade of Lübeck by the exaction of tolls, a thing he was naturally inclined to do since
he honestly endeavored to substitute the interest of national or larger groups for local
and feudal interests.
Moreover the said citizens of Lübeck, when going to England, we altogether absolve
from that wicked abuse and burden on their freedom which the men of Cologne, and of Tiel,
and their associates, are said to have levied against them; and we completely eradicate
that abuse; and they may enjoy that state of law which the men of Cologne and of Tiel and
their associates are known to enjoy.
From: G. F. Sartorius, ed., Urkundliche Geschichte des Ursprunges der Deutschen
Hanse, J. M. Lappenberg, rev., (Hamburg, 1830), Vol. II, p. 27; reprinted in Roy C.
Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, eds., A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee:
The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp.
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by
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© Paul Halsall, October 1998