Roger of Wendover:
Treaty Between Charlemagne & Offa, 790
Charles, by the grace of God, king of the Franks and Lombards, and patrician of the
Romans, to his respected and very dear brother Offa, king of the Mercians, greeting....
With respect to foreigners, who from love of God and for their soul's health, desire to
visit the gates of the blessed apostles, let them go in peace without molestation; but if
there are found among them any who come in quest of gain, and not from religious devotion,
let them pay the lawful imposts at the proper places. We also will and enjoin that
merchants have protection within our rule; and if in any place they are unjustly
oppressed, let them apply to us or our judges, and we will command that ample justice be
done them forthwith....
From: Roger of Wendover's Flowers of History, trans. J. A. Giles, (London: H. G.
Bohn, 1849), Vol. I, p. 153, reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A
Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936;
reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 96-97.
Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by
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© Paul Halsall, September 1998