Fordham


IHSP


MainAncientMedievalModern


Subsidiary SourcebooksAfricanEastern AsianGlobalIndianJewishIslamicLesbian/GayScienceWomen


Special ResourcesByzantiumMedieval MusicSaints' Lives
Ancient Law
Medieval Law
Film: Ancient
Film: Medieval
Film: Modern


About IHSPIHSP Credits

Back to: Byzantine Studies Page | Links to Other Byzantine Studies Sites

The Rulers of the Roman Empire

from Augustus to Constantine XI Dragases


   For much more information on Roman emperors of all periods see
De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors From Augustus to Constantine Dragases.

            The United Roman Empire

Dates

Name

27 BC-14 CE Augustus
14-37 Tiberius
37-41 Gaius (Caligula)
41-54 Claudius
54-68 Nero
68-69 Galba
69 Otho
69 Vitellius
69-79 Vespasian
79-81 Titus
81-96 Domitian
96-98 Nerva
98-117 Trajan
117-138 Hadrian
138-161 Antoninus Pius
161-180 Marcus Aurelius

161-169 Verus

177- Commodus

180-192 Commodus
193 Pertinax

Didius Julianus

193-211 Septimus Severus
211-217 Antoninus (Caracalla)

211-212 Geta

217-218 Macrinus

218 Diadumenianus

218-22 Antoninus (Elagabalus)
222-235 Severus Alexander
235-238 Maximinus Thrax
238 Gordian I

Gordian II

Pupienus (Maximus)

Balbinus

238-244 Gordian III
244-249 Philip the Arab

247-249 Philip

249-251 Decius
251-253 Trebonius Gallus

Volusianus

253-260 Valerian

Gallienus

260-268 Gallienus
268-270 Claudian II Gothicus
270-275 Aurelian
275-276 Tacitus

276 Florianus

276-282 Probus
282-283 Carus
283-284 Carinus & Numerian
284-305

286-305

Diocletian

Maximian

305-311 Galerius

Constantius I

Chlorus

Severus II

Licinius

Constantine I

Maximinus Daza

(all associated at various time. 6 augusti in 309!)

311-324 Constantine I and Licinius
324-337 Constantine
337-340 Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans
340-361 Constantius II
361-363 Julian
363-364 Jovian
364-375 Valentian I and Valens with Galens from 367
375-378 Valens, Gratian and Valentian II
378-395 Theodosius I the Great

378-383 with Gratian and Valentian II

383-392 with Valentian II and Arcadius

392-395 with Arcadius and Honorius

 

            The Western Empire

395 PARTITION - WESTERN EMPIRE
395-423 Honorius
425-455 Valentian III
455 Petronius Maximus
455-456 Avitus
457-461 Majorian
461-465 Libius Severus
467-472 Anthimus
472 Olybrius
473-474 Glyceruis
474-475 Julius Nepos
475-476 Romulus Augustulus

 

        The Eastern Empire

395 PARTITION - EASTERN EMPIRE
  Dynasty of Theodosius
395-408 Arcadius
408-450 Theodosius II
450-457 Marcian (m. Pulcheria, gnddghtr Theod I)

457-474
Dynasty of Leo

Leo I

474 Leo II
474-491 Zeno
491-518 Anastasius
  Dynasty of Justinian
518-527 Justin
527-565 Justinian I
565-578 Justin II
578-582 Tiberius II
582-602 Maurice
602-610 Phocas
  Dynasty of Heraclius
610-641 Heraclius
641-668 Constans II
668-685 Constantine IV
685-695 Justinian II (banished)
695-698 Leontius
698-705 Tiberius III
705-711 Justinian II (restored)

711-713
(no dynasty)

Bardanes

713-716 Anastasius II
716-717 Theodosius II
  Isaurian Dynasty
717-741 Leo III
741-775 Constantien V Copronymus
775-780 Leo IV
780-797 Constantine VI (blinded/murded by his mother, Irene)
797-802 Irene
802-811 Nicephorus I
811 Strauracius
811-813 Michael I
813-820 Leo V

820-829
Phrygian Dynasty

Michael II

829-842 Theophilus
842-867 Michael III
  Macedonian Dynasty
867-886 Basil I
886-912

and 913

Leo VI and Alexander
912-959 Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus

919-944 Romanus I Lecapenus

924 Constantine (VIII), Romanus' son, attempts usurpation. Fails.

959-963 Romanus II
963-1025 Basil II Bulgaroctonus

Constantine VIII (IX)

963 Regency of Theophano (widow Romanus II)

963-969 Nicephorus II Phocas (who married Theophano)

969-976 John Tzimisces (who murdered Nicephorus II  with Theophano's help.)

1025-1028 Constantine VIII (IX) alone
1028-1034 Romanus II Argyrus
1034-1041 Michael IV the Paphlagonian
1041-1042 Michael V Calaphates
1042 Zoe and Theodora
1042-1055 Constantine IX Monomachus (husband of Zoe, who died 1050)
1055-1056 Theodora alone
1056-1057 Michael VI Stratioticus
  Prelude to Comnenian Dynasty
1057-1059 Isaac I Comnenos (abdicated)
1059-1067 Constantine X (1X) Ducas
1067-1071 Romanus IV Diogenes

[Constanine (XII)]

1071-1078 Michale VII Ducas
1078-1081 Nicephorus III Botaniates

[Revolt of Nicephoros Bryennios]

  Dynasty of the Comneni
1081-1118 Alexius I Comnenus
1118-1143 John II Comenus
1143-1180 Manuel I
1180-1183 Alexius II
1183-1185 Andronicus I
  Dynasty of the Angeli
1185-1195 Isaac II (dethroned)
1195-1203 Alexius II
1203-1204 Isaac II (restored) with Alexius IV
1204 Alexius V Ducas Murtzuphlus
1204 Loss of Constantinople
  Lascarid Dynasty in Nicea
1204-1222 Theodore I Lascaris
1222-1254 John III Ducas Vatatzes
1254-1258 Theodore II Lascaris
1258-1261 John IV Lascaris
  Dynasty of the Palaeologi
1259-1282 Michael VIII Paleologus
1261 RECAPTURE OF CONSTANTINOPLE
1282-1343 Andronicus II
(1293-1320) Michael IX
  period of anarchy
1328-1341 Andronicus III
1341-1376 John V Cantancuzenus

1341-1354 John VI

1376-1379 Andronicus IV
1379-1391 John V (restored)
1390 John VII
1391-1425 Manuel II
1425-1448 John VIII
1449-1453 Constantine XI (XIII) Dragases
1453

Tuesday

May 29

CAPTURE OF CONSTANTINOPLE BY MEHMET II


 



The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in providing web space and server support for the project. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University.  Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.

© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021 [CV]

 

Back to: Byzantine Studies Page | Links to Other Byzantine Studies Sites

The Rulers of the Roman Empire

from Augustus to Constantine XI Dragases


   For much more information on Roman emperors of all periods see
De Imperatoribus Romanis:
An Online Encyclopedia of Roman Emperors From Augustus to Constantine Dragases.

            The United Roman Empire

Dates

Name

27 BC-14 CE Augustus
14-37 Tiberius
37-41 Gaius (Caligula)
41-54 Claudius
54-68 Nero
68-69 Galba
69 Otho
69 Vitellius
69-79 Vespasian
79-81 Titus
81-96 Domitian
96-98 Nerva
98-117 Trajan
117-138 Hadrian
138-161 Antoninus Pius
161-180 Marcus Aurelius

161-169 Verus

177- Commodus

180-192 Commodus
193 Pertinax

Didius Julianus

193-211 Septimus Severus
211-217 Antoninus (Caracalla)

211-212 Geta

217-218 Macrinus

218 Diadumenianus

218-22 Antoninus (Elagabalus)
222-235 Severus Alexander
235-238 Maximinus Thrax
238 Gordian I

Gordian II

Pupienus (Maximus)

Balbinus

238-244 Gordian III
244-249 Philip the Arab

247-249 Philip

249-251 Decius
251-253 Trebonius Gallus

Volusianus

253-260 Valerian

Gallienus

260-268 Gallienus
268-270 Claudian II Gothicus
270-275 Aurelian
275-276 Tacitus

276 Florianus

276-282 Probus
282-283 Carus
283-284 Carinus & Numerian
284-305

286-305

Diocletian

Maximian

305-311 Galerius

Constantius I

Chlorus

Severus II

Licinius

Constantine I

Maximinus Daza

(all associated at various time. 6 augusti in 309!)

311-324 Constantine I and Licinius
324-337 Constantine
337-340 Constantine II, Constantius II, and Constans
340-361 Constantius II
361-363 Julian
363-364 Jovian
364-375 Valentian I and Valens with Galens from 367
375-378 Valens, Gratian and Valentian II
378-395 Theodosius I the Great

378-383 with Gratian and Valentian II

383-392 with Valentian II and Arcadius

392-395 with Arcadius and Honorius

 

            The Western Empire

395 PARTITION - WESTERN EMPIRE
395-423 Honorius
425-455 Valentian III
455 Petronius Maximus
455-456 Avitus
457-461 Majorian
461-465 Libius Severus
467-472 Anthimus
472 Olybrius
473-474 Glyceruis
474-475 Julius Nepos
475-476 Romulus Augustulus

 

        The Eastern Empire

395 PARTITION - EASTERN EMPIRE
  Dynasty of Theodosius
395-408 Arcadius
408-450 Theodosius II
450-457 Marcian (m. Pulcheria, gnddghtr Theod I)

457-474
Dynasty of Leo

Leo I

474 Leo II
474-491 Zeno
491-518 Anastasius
  Dynasty of Justinian
518-527 Justin
527-565 Justinian I
565-578 Justin II
578-582 Tiberius II
582-602 Maurice
602-610 Phocas
  Dynasty of Heraclius
610-641 Heraclius
641-668 Constans II
668-685 Constantine IV
685-695 Justinian II (banished)
695-698 Leontius
698-705 Tiberius III
705-711 Justinian II (restored)

711-713
(no dynasty)

Bardanes

713-716 Anastasius II
716-717 Theodosius II
  Isaurian Dynasty
717-741 Leo III
741-775 Constantien V Copronymus
775-780 Leo IV
780-797 Constantine VI (blinded/murded by his mother, Irene)
797-802 Irene
802-811 Nicephorus I
811 Strauracius
811-813 Michael I
813-820 Leo V

820-829
Phrygian Dynasty

Michael II

829-842 Theophilus
842-867 Michael III
  Macedonian Dynasty
867-886 Basil I
886-912

and 913

Leo VI and Alexander
912-959 Constantine VII Porphyrogenitus

919-944 Romanus I Lecapenus

924 Constantine (VIII), Romanus' son, attempts usurpation. Fails.

959-963 Romanus II
963-1025 Basil II Bulgaroctonus

Constantine VIII (IX)

963 Regency of Theophano (widow Romanus II)

963-969 Nicephorus II Phocas (who married Theophano)

969-976 John Tzimisces (who murdered Nicephorus II  with Theophano's help.)

1025-1028 Constantine VIII (IX) alone
1028-1034 Romanus II Argyrus
1034-1041 Michael IV the Paphlagonian
1041-1042 Michael V Calaphates
1042 Zoe and Theodora
1042-1055 Constantine IX Monomachus (husband of Zoe, who died 1050)
1055-1056 Theodora alone
1056-1057 Michael VI Stratioticus
  Prelude to Comnenian Dynasty
1057-1059 Isaac I Comnenos (abdicated)
1059-1067 Constantine X (1X) Ducas
1067-1071 Romanus IV Diogenes

[Constanine (XII)]

1071-1078 Michale VII Ducas
1078-1081 Nicephorus III Botaniates

[Revolt of Nicephoros Bryennios]

  Dynasty of the Comneni
1081-1118 Alexius I Comnenus
1118-1143 John II Comenus
1143-1180 Manuel I
1180-1183 Alexius II
1183-1185 Andronicus I
  Dynasty of the Angeli
1185-1195 Isaac II (dethroned)
1195-1203 Alexius II
1203-1204 Isaac II (restored) with Alexius IV
1204 Alexius V Ducas Murtzuphlus
1204 Loss of Constantinople
  Lascarid Dynasty in Nicea
1204-1222 Theodore I Lascaris
1222-1254 John III Ducas Vatatzes
1254-1258 Theodore II Lascaris
1258-1261 John IV Lascaris
  Dynasty of the Palaeologi
1259-1282 Michael VIII Paleologus
1261 RECAPTURE OF CONSTANTINOPLE
1282-1343 Andronicus II
(1293-1320) Michael IX
  period of anarchy
1328-1341 Andronicus III
1341-1376 John V Cantancuzenus

1341-1354 John VI

1376-1379 Andronicus IV
1379-1391 John V (restored)
1390 John VII
1391-1425 Manuel II
1425-1448 John VIII
1449-1453 Constantine XI (XIII) Dragases
1453

Tuesday

May 29

CAPTURE OF CONSTANTINOPLE BY MEHMET II