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Bishops/Patriarchs of Alexandria


DATES1
DATES2
NAME
SAINT
FEAST DAY(S)
1st Cent aft 54 Mark the Evangelist?
y
bef 68 bef 82 Annianos
c.82 98 Avilios
98 aft 117 Kerdo
Primos
Justos
Eumenes
Mark II
Keladiou
Agripinnios
Julian
Demetrios
Herakles
Dionysios
Maximus
282 300 Dec 28 Theonas
300 end 311 Nov 26 Peter I, martyr
y
11/25
312 Jun 312 Achilas
328 Apr 17 Alexander
328 Jun 8 373 May 2 Athanasios I
y
01/18, 05/02
Arian intruders
336 or 338 Pistos
339 or 341 Mar 22 344 or 348 Jun 26 Gregory
357 Feb 22 361 Dec 24 George
365 Dec Lucius (1)
373 Apr 28 380 Feb 15 Peter II
375 378 May 30 Lucius (2)
380 384 Jul 20 Timothy I
384 412 Oct 15 Theophilos
412 Oct 17 444 Jun 27 Kyril
y
01/18, 06/07
444 451 Oct 13

[d. 454 Sep 4]

Dioskoros
451 Mar 460 Jan Proterios
457 Mar 460 Jan Timothy II Eluros (monophys.) (1)
460 Jun 475 Dec Timothy II Salofakiolos (chalced.) (1)
475 477 Jul 31 Timothy II Eluros (monophys.) (1)
477 Jul 31 477 Sep 4 Peter III Monge (monophys.) (1)
477 Sep 482 Jun Timothy II Salofakiolos (chalced.) (1)
482 Jun 482 Dec John I Talaia (chalced.)
482 Dec 489 Oct 29 Peter III Monge (monophys.) (1)
489 496 Oct 17 Athanasios II Keletes (monophys.)
496 505 May 22 John II (monophys.)
505 516 May 22 John II (monophys.)
516 517 Oct 14 Dioskoros II
517 535 Feb 2 Timothy III (monophys.)
MELKITE PATRIARCHS
537 540 early months Paul of Tabennensi
549 551 Jul Zoilos
551 570 Apollinarios
y
[BHG 2037]
570 580 John II
581 608 Feb Eulogios
608 609 Theodore Skribon
610 619 Nov 11 John III the Almoner
y
11/12
620? 630? George
630 or 631 643 end/644 beg Kyros
643/644 651 Peter III
Topoteretes
at synod of 655 Theodore
at 6th ecumenical council of 680 Peter IV
at council of Alexandria 695 Theophylakt
about 711 Onopsos (?) - ordained patriarch but immediately became monophysite
? Eusebios
742 768 Kosmos I
768 813 Politianos
813 817 Eustathios
817 848 Christopher
848 860 Sophronios I
860 870 Michael I
870 903 Aug 21 Michael II
907 Jun 17 932 Nov 21 Christodoulos
933 Feb 7 940 May 11 Eutychios
? Sophronios II
941-954 Aug/Sep Isaac
954 960 Sep 7 Job
963 1000 May 12 Elijah
1000 Jun 17 1010 Jul 7 Arsenios
1010 1020 Theophilos II
1021 Apr 2 1052? George II
1052? 1059? Leontios
1059? 1062? Alexander II
1062? 1100? John IV
about 1110 Eulogios II
? Kyril II
1117 at council in CP Sabas
? Theodosios
1166 present in CP Sophronios III
about 1180 Eleutherios or Elijah
1195 at council in CP Mark III
1210 bef Feb 1243 Nicholas I
1243 1263 Gregory I
1263 1276 Nicholas II
1276 1316 Athanasios II
1316? 1354? Gregory II
1354? 1366? Gregory III
1366? 1385? Niphon
1385? 1389 Mark IV
1389? 1398? Nicholas III
1398? 1412? Gregory IV
1412? 1417? Nicholas IV
1417? 1425? Athanasios III
1425? 1435? Mark V
1435? Invited to council of Florence 1459? Philotheos
1459 1484? Mark VI
1484 1486? Gregory
1487 1565 Joachim, ho Panu [92 years old in 1540, a document from 1565 survives]
about 1597 Meletios Pigas [given direction of CP 1597-98]
about 1612 Kyril Lukaris [given direction of CP in 1612]
d.1920 Nektarios Kephalas
y
11/08
COPTIC PATRIARCHS
535 Feb 9 566 Jun 19 or 22 Theodosios
Julianists
535 Feb 10 535 May/Jun Gaïanos
-? 565 Elpidios
565 after 580 Dorotheos
575 587 Theodore

[not recognized by majority]

575 578 Jun 19 Peter IV
578 607 Jun 12 Damien
607 619 Dec 19 Anastasios ho Apozugarios
619 665 Jan 3 Andronikos
626 Jan 665 Jan 3 Benjamin

634
Julianist

Menas

665 681 Oct 13 Agathon
681 689 Oct 29 John III
692 700 Jul 18 Simon I

about 695
Julianist

Theodore

3 years vacancy
704 Apr 25 729 Feb 1 Alexander II
729 Mar 730 Jun 24 Kosmos
730 Aug 742 Feb 1 Theodore II
1 year vacancy
743 Sep 15 767 Mar 12 Michael I
767 775 Dec 27 Menas
776 Jan 12 799 Jan 11 John IV
799 Jan 27 819 Apr 17 Mark II
819 Jun 830 Feb 8 Jacob
830 Apr 17 830 Sep 30 Simon II
1 year 47 days vacancy
831 Nov 18 849 Oct 20 Joseph
849 Nov 20 851 Apr 17 Michael (Khael) II
851 Jul 8 858 Nov 17 Kosmos II
859 Jan 8 880 Apr 19 Sanythios (Sanudha)
880 907 Mar 7 Michael (Khael) III
4 years vacancy
910 May 921 Feb 15 Gabriel I
921 Apr 933 Mar 27 Kosmos III
953 Jun 19 956 Dec 6 Theophanes
956 974 Nov 11 Menas II
1 year vacancy
975 Sep 19 978 Dec 2 Ephrem
979 Mar 28 1003 Nov 9 Philotheos
1004 Jan 16 1032 Jan 4 Zachariah
1032 19 Mar 1046 Oct 29 Sanythios II
1 year 5 months vacancy
1047 Dec 1077 Dec 10 Christodoulos
1078 Mar 13 1092 June 6 Kyril II
1092 Nov 9 1102 May 25 Michael IV
1102 Nov 9 1128 Dec 19 Makarios II
2 years 2 months vacancy
1131 Feb 3 1145 Apr Gabriel II
1145 Jul 25 1146 Mar 29 Michael IV (sic. Grumel)
1146 Aug 25 1166 Apr 29 John V
1166 Jun 12 1189 Jan 1 Mark III
1189 Jan 29 1216 Jan 7 John VI
19 years 5 months, 10 days vacancy
1235 Jun 17 1243 Mar 10 Kyril III
7 years 7 months vacancy
1250 Oct 12 1261 Nov 27 Athanasios III
1262 Jan 1 1268 Oct 21 John VII (1)
1268 Oct 21 1271 Jan 1 Gabriel III
1271 Jan 1 1293 Apr 21 John VII (2)
1294 Jul 4 1300 Jan 1 Theodosios II
1300 Jan 1320 May 29 John VIII
1320 Sep 28 1327 Mar 18 John IX
1327 May 10 1339 Jan 6 Benjamin II
1340 Jan 2 1348 Jul 8 Peter V
1348 Aug 5 1363 Jan 31 Mark IV
1363 Apr 30 or May 7 1369 Jul 13 John X
1370 Jan 6 1378 Apr 27 Gabriel IV
1378 Jul 25 1408 Jan 4 Matthew I
1409 Apr 21

[Makrizi has - 1408 Jul 4

1428 Jan 4

1427 Jan 31]

Gabriel V
1427 Mar 12 1427 May Michael IV [known only through Makrizi]
1428 May 11 1453 May 4 John XI


Notes

 

Note: I am willing to add the names and dates of Patriarchs since the 15th century, if someone will send them to me.

The table presents the following information

Date1: date of election/appointment/installation

Date2: date of death/exile/deposition
Under "Date",

beg = beginning of

btw = between

dep = deposed

end = end of

exile = exiled

prob = probably

Name: Name of holder of position. Since many patriarchs held the title more than once, the (ºnumber) inside parentheses indicates which of various times this particular time is.

Saint: if the holder was later celebrated in calendars.

Feast Day(s): Date on which celebration was/is held.

CAVEATS

Since canonization was long a haphazard affair in the Orthodox Church, the indicated saintliness of the various patriarchs, based on a variety of pieces of information is not meant to be definitive in this listing. Corrections and suggestions welcome.

Sources:

c.54-282

Eusebios, History of the Church from Constantine to Christ, trans. G.A. Williamson, (New York: Penguin, 1965), Appendix A:, pp. 415-417

282-1500

Venance Grumel, La Chronologie, Vol. 1 of Traité d'etudes byzantines, ed. Paul Lemerle, (Paris: Presses universitaires de France, 1958), 442-445