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About IHSPIHSP Credits

Copyright and Fair Use Clause

I. Documents at Internet History Sourcebooks Project

The Internet History Sourcebooks Project [IHSP] is an world wide web project designed to provide easy access to primary sources and other teaching materials in a non-commercial environment. It was developed and is edited by Paul Halsall with the aid of numerous other contributors. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University, although it is physically located on the University's web servers. Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.A good faith effort has been made to comply with US copyright law. This does not mean that none of the material is copyright, but that the "fair use" clause of US Copyright Law has been adhered to. The "fair use" clause, as explicated at the University of Pennsylvania web site (, is given below.In particular, any copyright material used here is (a) not used for commercial gain and used exclusively for educational purposes; and (b) used in limited amounts in comparison to the published source. 107: Limitations on exclusive rights: Fair Use Notwithstanding the provisions of section 106, the fair use of a copyrighted work, including such use by reproduction in copies or phone records or by any other means specified by that section, for purposes such as criticism, comment, news reporting, teaching (including multiple copies for classroom use), scholarship, or research, is not an infringement of copyright. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use, the factors to be considered shall include:
  1. The purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
  2. the nature of the copyrighted work;
  3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
  4. the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work. (added pub. l 94-553, Title I, 101, Oct 19, 1976, 90 Stat 2546)
II. Use of Internet History Sourcebooks Project
This Sourcebook is specifically designed for teachers to use in teaching. There are several ways that this might be done.
  • By pointing students to this web site.
  • By downloading the documents, and printing/Xeroxing them for distribution in course packets or as class handouts.
  • By creating syllabi and course outlines at local websites with linksto the documents here.
  • By creating local copies of selections of documents at class websites for time limited periods (1 year).

DO NOT download and incorporate the texts permanently into your local network websites. The files are updated and corrected: multiple versions on the web makes this difficult to do.All such projects are specifically allowed, permitted, and encouraged. Not all the documents here are out of copyright, and I claim copyright on the the specific electronic form, modernized versions of texts and any notes (this is not to prevent you using the material freely, merely to prevent others using it commercially).What is asked is that reference to the source of the material is included, and that no commercial use be made of the material. If you feel a need to pay up, do so by contributing texts you have made available in etext form.

If You Believe that Copyright Has been Infringed

It is the Internet History Sourcebooks Project's policy to respect the copyright and intellectual property rights of others.

If you believe that your copyright in any material has been infringed at the Internet History Sourcebooks Project, please contact Paul Halsall, who can be reached at , and  at History Department, University of North Florida, St. John's Bluff Road South, Jacksonville, FL 32224.

You need to provide the following information for action to be taken:

  1. Identify with specificity the copyrighted work that you claim has been infringed;
  2. Identify the material at the Internet History Sourcebooks Project that you claim is infringing, with the URL of the document.
  3. Your address, telephone number, and e-mail address;
  4. A statement by you that you have a good faith belief that the disputed use is not authorized by the copyright owner, its agent, or the law;
  5. A statement by you declaring under penalty of perjury that (a) the above information in your Notice is accurate, and (b) that you are the owner of the copyright interest involved or that you are authorized to act on behalf of that owner; and
  6. Your physical or electronic signature.

Upon receipt of the above information, the Internet History Sourcebooks Project may temporarily remove the allegedly infringing material from the site until the situation can be resolved.