Modern History

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Selected Sources Sections Studying History Reformation Early Modern World Everyday Life Absolutism Constitutionalism Colonial North America Colonial Latin America Scientific Revolution Enlightenment Enlightened Despots American Independence French Revolution Industrial Revolution Romanticism Conservative Order Nationalism Liberalism 1848 19C Britain 19C France 19C Germany 19C Italy 19C West Europe 19C East Europe Early US US Civil War US Immigration 19C US Culture Canada Australia & New Zealand 19C Latin America Socialism Imperialism Industrial Revolution II Darwin, Freud 19C Religion World War I Russian Revolution Age of Anxiety Depression Fascism Nazism Holocaust World War II Bipolar World US Power US Society Western Europe Since 1945 Eastern Europe Since 1945 Decolonization Asia Since 1900 Africa Since 1945 Middle East Since 1945 20C Latin America Modern Social Movements Post War Western Thought Religion Since 1945 Modern Science Pop Culture 21st Century
IHSP Credits

Studying History

See Main Page for a guide to all contents of all sections.

  • Introduction:  Using Primary Sources
  • Nature of Historiography
    • Writing History
    • Ancient Theories
    • 19th Century Philosophies of History
    • Professional Theories
    • History and Epistemology
    • History and Anthropology
    • History and Identity Politics
    • Post-Modern Theories
    • Misc. Discussions
  • Other Sources of Information on Modern History
    • General Guides to Net Text [link to texts at other sites.]
    • General Etext Projects [sites with texts online.]
    • Economics
    • Law
    • Military
    • Religion
    • Philosophy
    • Literature
    • Music Lyrics
    • Western Civilization/Europe
    • United States History
    • Latin American History
  • Student Papers and Projects
    • Student Papers
    • Student Web Projects

Introduction: Using Primary Sources

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Nature of Historiography

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Other Sources Information on Modern History

Period/subject specific sources are indicated throughout this site. Under this heading are links to wide-ranging reference, text, and image source collections.

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Student Papers and Projects

Examples of Student Papers: The following papers, posted with the consent of the authors, are all good (not perfect) examples of student papers from introductory classes. Let me remind readers that it is plagiarism to hand in one of these papers as yours.

NOTES: Dates of accession of material added since July 1998 can be seen in the New Additions page.. The date of inception was 9/22/1997. Links to files at other site are indicated by [At some indication of the site name or location]. Locally available texts are marked by [At this Site]. WEB indicates a link to one of small number of high quality web sites which provide either more texts or an especially valuable overview.

The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in providing web space and server support for the project. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University.  Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.

© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021 [CV]