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Homosexuality and Catholicism Bibliography:
Section IV: Biblical Studies

© Paul Halsall

A: General

Ackerman, Arlene, Homosexuality and the Bible, (audio tapes) (Gaithersburg, MD: Chi-Rho Press, 199?)

Inlcudes: "What was the sin of Sodom", "One out of 636 Laws", "The Sin of Rome - Waht is Natural?", and "Who will inherit the Kingdom of God? Could it be You?"

Balz, Horst. "Biblische Aussagen zur Homosexualitaet", Zeitschrift fuer Evangelische Ethik 31:1 (1987), 60-72

Bartlett, David L., "A Biblical Perspective on Homosexuality", Foundations: Baptist Journal of History and Theology 20 (1977), 133-46 ABSTRACT: The article suggests a broader biblical perspective on the issue of homosexuality than the usual exegetical arguments over texts which make explicit reference to homosexual behavior. It first looks at those biblical passages which deal with homosexuality and suggests that none provides an adequate guide for understanding the issue today. Then Paul's epistle to the Galatians is taken as an example of the way in which the mode of Pauline argument and the more pervasive themes of Paul's theology provide a more adequate way of understanding the issue.

Barnett, Walter, Homosexuality and the Bible : an interpretation, Wallingford, PA : Pendle Hill Publications, c1979.

Bartlett, David, "A Biblical Perspective of Homosexuality", Foundations 20:2 (April-June 1977)

Barton, John, "The place of the Bible in moral debate", Theology 88 (May 1985), 204-209

Becker, Juergen, "Zum Problem der Homosexualitaet in der Bibel", Zeitschrift fuer Evangelische Ethik, 31:1 (1987), 36-59

Brawley, Robert L., ed., Biblical Ethics and Homosexuality, (Louisville KY: Westminister John Knox Press, 1996)

Cohen, Martin Samuel, "The biblical prohibition of homosexual intercourse", Journal of Homosexuality, 19:4 p3-20

Cole, William Graham, Sex and Love in the Bible, (New York :Julian, 1956)

Chapter 10 on homosexuality. A real nasty one this. The Bible condemns, but gay people are also psychologically sick.

Edwards, George R, Gay/Lesbian Liberation: A Biblical Perspective, (New York: The Prilgrim Press, 1984)

Attempts to apply a Liberation Theology perspective to the issue.

England, The Rev. Michael E., The Bible and Homosexuality, 4th ed, (Gaithersburg MD: Chi-Rho Press, 1994, 1st ed. 1979)

This is produced by the Metropolitan Community Church. England discusses how to approach the Bible as a source of faith and revelation. Although he addresses all the standard "proof texts", he refuses to be bound to these few verses. Rather, somewhat effectively, he sets them in the context of overall biblical interpretation, without resorting to special-pleading. Indeed he argues that wielders of proof-texts against gays have the real interpretative problem.

Feinberg, Paul D., "Homosexuality and the Bible" Fundamentalist Journal 4 No 3 p17-19 March 1985

Furnish, Victor P., "The Bible and homosexuality", in Homosexuality; ed by L Smith, 1981 p6-21

Evaluates the texts, and sees ways of pro-gay reading.

Furnish, Victor Paul, "The Bible and Homosexuality: Reading the Texts in Context", in John Carey, ed., The Homosexuality Debate in North American Churches, 1988-1993: Controversies, Unresolved Issues. Future Prospects, (Lewiston NYL Edwin Mellen Press, 1994), rewritten and reprinted in Jeffrey S. Siker, ed., Homosexuality in the Church: Both Sides of the Debate, (Louisville KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1994), 19-37

Goldingay, John E., "Divine ideals, human stubbornness, and scriptural inerrancy", Transformation: an International Dialogue on Evangelical Social Ethics 2 No 4 October-December 1985, 1-4

Grippo, Dan, "The Vatican can slight Scripture for its purpose", in The Vatican and Homosexuality; ed by J Gramick and P Furey. 1988, 33-39

Hays, Richard B., "Awaiting the Redemption of Our Bodies: The Witness of Scripture Concerning Homosexuality", Sojourners 20 (July, 1991), 17-21, repr. in Jeffrey S. Siker, ed., Homosexuality in the Church: Both Sides of the Debate, (Louisville KY: Westminster John Knox Press, 1994), 3-17

See also Hays article under "New Testament". Hays supports a conservative reading of all the texts, except Genesis 19, and uses the story of a gay friend with AIDS to attack the gay community.

Helminiak, Daniel, What the Bible Really Says about Homosexuality, (San Francisco: Alamo Square Press, 1994)

Gay Roman Catholic priest and biblical scholar summarizes and presents in easily digestible form for the non-expert the findings of Boswell, Scroggs and Countryman. Also cites Hays, Peteren, and Wright [all in this bibliography].

Hindson, Edward E. , "The inerrancy debate and the use of scripture in counseling", Grace Theological Journal 3 No 2 p207-219 Fall 1982

ABSTRACT: To side-step the crucial implications of the current inerrancy debate, many evangelicals have tried to suggest that the controversy is nothing more than a semantical battle of terminologies and definitions. In this article, the inerrancy debate is viewed as it affects the role of pastoral counseling. In particular, the author examines the issues of "Christian" feminism and homosexuality, concluding that a weak view of the scripture will always lead to a weak view of morality. Serious problems result from allowing cultural hermeneutics to redefine clear biblical revelation. [j].

Hirs Franz Joseph, "Homoseksualiteit en theologie: een oversicht over de afgelopen tien jaar", Tijdschrift voor theologie 22 (1982), 178-98

Homosexualitaet, Zeitschrift fuer Evangelische Ethik 31:1 p6-108 1987

'Homosexualitaet und Bible; von eimen katholischen Geistlichen", JFZ 4 (1902), 199-243

By an anonymous Catholic religious, this publication in the academic jouranl of the early German gay rights movement goes over the usual "proof texts" and argues they are not anti-gay.

Homosexuality controversy, One World No 111 p20 December 1985

"Homosexuality: biblical guidance through a moral morass", Christianity Today 24 p12-13 April 18 1980

Horner, Tom, Sex in the Bible, (Rutland VT: Charles E. Tuttle, 1974)

Hynson, Leon O. (ed.) ; Scott, Lane A. (ed.), Christian ethics: an inquiry into Christian ethics from a biblical theological perspectiv, (Warner Pr 1983) Contents: Introduction, L Hynson and L Scott. The ethics of the Old Testament, V Hamilton. New Testament ethics, R Wall. Counterforce: a review of Wesley's ethics, J mercer. Christian perfection as love for God, W Johnson. Abortion, H Kuhn. Homosexuality, W Sailer. Divorce and the remarriage of divorced persons, L Scott. The economy of God and the ecology of the Church, H Snyder. The Church: tomorrow's people for today's world, B Callen. The ordered state and Christian responsibility, L Hynson. A Christian view of the arts, R Thompson.

Ide, Arthur Frederick., Zoar & her sisters : homosexuality, the Bible, and Jesus Christ, (Oak Cliff, Tex. : Minuteman Press, 1991)

Jensen, Joseph, "Human sexuality in the scriptures", in Human sexuality and personhood; by J Gill, et al 1981 p15-35

Johnson, Paul R., Homosexuality and the Biblical Texts; new version of Gays and the Bible. newly expanded and updated and includes all those passages and interpretations used to keep gays out of the mainstream churches.

Kinlaw, Dennis F., "A biblical view of homosexuality", in The secrets of our sexuality; ed by G R Collins 1976 p104-116

Kotva, Joseph J., "Scripture, ethics, and the local church: homosexuality as a case study.", The Conrad Grebel Review 7 p278-280 Fall 1989

Lance, H. Darrell, "The Bible and homosexuality", American Baptist Quarterly 8 p140-151 June 1989

Linscheid, John, "Our story in God's story: reading the Bible with gay eyes", The Other Side 23 p32-35+ July-August 1987

Mollenkott, Virginia R., Women, Men, and the Bible;

Mount, Eric, and Joanne W. H. Bos, "Scriptures on Sexuality: Shifting Authority", Journal of Presbyterian History 59 (Summer 1981), 219-42 ABSTRACT: The article determines what views of biblical authority have informed statements concerning human sexuality by the General Assemblies of the United Presbyterian Church, USA and the Presbyterian Church, US between 1930 and 1980. Using five positions on biblical authority delineated by a 1980 Presbyterian Panel questionnaire, the survey of Assembly studies and stands finds that the Bible has been increasingly viewed as inspired, yet thoroughly human and as trustworthy in ethics though not in science. Although the possibility that "portions of the Bible, including some of its theological and ethical positions, may not be the inspired Word of God" has been entertained by some studies (for instance those on homosexuality), no adopted positions have taken that line. The authors finally raise a question concerning the adequacy of options concerning biblical authority which merely quibble over how much of the biblical content to make prescriptive instead of stressing a living dialogue of the contemporary community of faith with the whole of scripture through the life-giving spirit.

Muehl, William, "The gay cause and the biblical faith", Christianity and Crisis 39, July 23 1979, 190-191

Novak, D., `Before Revelation: The Rabbis, Paul, and Karl Barth.' Journal of Religion 71, 1. 1991. Pp. 50-66.
Antigay voice.

Olson, Mark, "Untangling the web: a look at what Scripture does and does not say about homosexual behavior", The Other Side No 151 p24-29 April 1984

Orr, Kenneth; Ross, Michael W.," Homosexuality in clinical and biblical context", Journal of Christian Education Papers 69 p37-48 December 1980

Patai, Raphael, Sex and Family in the Bible and the Middle East, (Garden City NY: Doubleday, 1959)

Uses modern reports to interpret the Bible. An illegitmate assumption of continuity is made. Pp. 168-176 deal with homosexuality.

Pennington, Sylvia, Good News for Modern Gays : a Pro-Gay Biblical Approach, (Hawthorne, CA : Lambada Lite Productions, Lambda Christian Fellowship, c1985)

Pope, Marvin, "Homosexuality" in Interpreter's Dictionary of the Bible, Supplementary Volume, (Nashville", Abingdon Press, 1976), 415-17

Ridd, Carl, "Homosexuality and the Bible" Touchstone: Heritage and Theology in a New Age 6 p44-48 May 1988

Ridderbos, Simon Jan, Der homosexuelle Naechste, (Hamburg: Fusche Verlag, 1963),

See "Bibel und Homosexualitat", 50-73

Schoeps, Hans-Jaochim, "Homosexualitat und Bibel", Zeitschrift fuer evangelische Ethik 6 (1962), 369-74

One of the first people to look at the issue.

Soards, M., "The Biblical Understanding of Homosexuality", ReNews 4:1 (Feb 1993), 6/1-6/4, repr. wwith minor changes in Presbyterian Outlook 175:18 (10 May 1993), 8-15

Sheppard, Gerard, T., "The Use of Scripture within the Christian Ethical debate Concerning Same-Sex Oriented Persons", Union Theological Seminary Quarterly Review 40 (1985), 13-55

Siker, Jeffrey S. "How to Decide? Homosexual Christians, the Bible and Gentile Exclusion", Theology Today July 1994

The author is a Presbyterian Asst. Prof. of Theology at Loyola Marymount University. He proposes two models by analogy for considering the Christian view of homosexuality. The traditional view is analogized to alcoholism, in the sense that one is dealing with an aspect of fallen humanity in which an individual's predisposition is genetic, and the question is one of behavior. The modern (for lack of a better term) view is that one is dealing with a problem similar to that which the first Jewish Christians had in accepting Gentiles into the church. There is an interesting argument that Paul condemned only certain forms of exploitive forms of homosexual behavior, and not homosexuality per se [comment by Harmon Dow [email protected]]

Smith, Leon, ed, Homosexuality: in search of a Christian understanding: Biblical, theological, ethical and pastoral care perspectives, Discipleship Resources 1981 55P
Contents: Introduction, by L Smith. The Bible and homosexuality, by v furnish. Theological/ethical perspectives on homosexuality, by J Logan. Pastoral care and homosexuality, by D Switzer. A model for thinking theologically about homosexuality, by M Millard.

Spong, John S. Rescuing the Bible for Fundamentalists, (San Francisco: HarperSanFranciso, 1991)

The Anglican bishop of Newark looks, inter alia, at issues of the Bible and homosexuality. Suggest St. Paul was a repressed homosexual

Springett, Ronald M., "Homosexuality in History and the Scriptures: Some Historical and Biblical Perspectives on Homosexuality", reviewed by Matthews, Temple G, III, Military Chaplains' Review p92-93 Spring 1990

Streecker, Georg, "Homosexualitat in biblischer Sicht", Kerygma und Dogma 28 (1982), 127-41

Condemned in Bible, but Bible cannot erase God's judgement and grace. ABSTRACT: Homosexuality, forbidden in the OT, was widespread in the ancient world and could be looked upon as a characteristic element of pagan immorality. Though overcomeby baptism (1 Cor 6 11), it was still a problem within and therefore attacked by NT communities. Today, the biblical prohibition of homosexuality must not be repeated legalistically, but has to be reflected upon in iew of God's judgment and grace. The question of whether a homosexual person may have access to a pastoral or pedagogical position should be answered within the context of agape and righteousness. [ed fr j].

Sweetin, Ellen M., Called out of our closets :a lesbian/gay biblical ethic of liberation, Thesis 1986. GTU -Berkeley

Swidler, Leonard, Biblical Affirmations of Women, (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1979),

Look especially at pp. 118-123 for a discussion of the story of Ruth and Naomi.

Taylor, G. Rattray, "Historical and Mythological Aspects of Homosexuality" in Judd Marmor, ed., Sexual Inversion: The Multiple Roots of Homosexuality, (New York: Basic Books, 1965), 140-64

Treese, Robert L., Homosexuality: a contemporary view of the Biblical perspective; prepared for the Consultation on Theology and the Homosexual ; sponsored by Glide Urban Center and the Council on Religion and.Homosexuality, (San Francisco, Calif. : Glide Urban Center, 1966?), repr. in Sally Gearhart and William R. Johnson, eds., Loving Women/Loving Men: Gay Liberation and the Church, (San Francisco: Glide Publications, 1974), 23-58

Very early study sponsored by the Clerical organization wihc was so important in early San Francisco gay activism.

Truluck, Rev. Rembert , Invitation To Freedom: Bible Studies in Personal Evangelism; A guidebook to accompany the enclosed brochure The Bible as Your Friend: A Guide for Lesbians and Gays.
This book provides tips on personal evangelism, using the enclosed brochure as a resource, and including chapters on a number of Bible passages that explain and encourage the work of the Great Commission for everyone.

Von Rohr, John. Homosexuality: Biblical and theological perspectives; a paper for the Pacific Coast Theological Group. [n. p.] 1965. Papers (Pacific Coast Theological Society)

Weber, Joseph C., "Does the Bible Condemn Homosexual Acts?", engage/social action 3:5 (May 1975), 28-31, 34-35, repr. in INTREGRITY: Gay Episcopal Forum, Vol 1:8 (June-July 1975), 5-6

Westermarck, Edward, The Origin and Development of Moral Ideas, 2d ed, (London: Macmillan, 1917)

Chaoer 43 on "Homosexual Love".

White, Andrew Dickson, A History of the Warfare of Science with Theology in Christendom, (New York: D. Appleton, 1890), 2 vols.

Capter 18 (vol 2: 209-63), shows that the Sodom story is without historical basis, but is a myth arising from the geography of the Dead Sea region.

Willcoxx. R.R., 'Venereal Diseases in the Bible", British Journal of Venereal Diseases 25 (1949), 28-23

Suggests such diseases may be background to Job and Romans 1:26.

Wilkening, Norma; others, "Tracing a biblical sex ethic" The Christian Century 97 p20-27 January 2-9 1980

Wink, Walter, "Biblical Perspectives on Homosexuality", Christian Century 96:36 (Nov 7 1979), 1082-86 ABSTRACT: There is no biblical sex ethic. The Bible knows only a love ethic, which is constantly being brought to bear on whatever sexual mores are dominant in a given country, culture or period.[Excerpt].

Wood, Robert W. , "Homsexual Behavior in the Bible", ONE Institute Quarterly 5:1 (1962), 10-19

Woogon, Harry A., "A Biblical and Historical Study of Homosexuality", Jouranl of Religious Health 20 (1981), 156-73 ABSTRACT: This study is a synthesis of biblical and historical material regarding the place of homosexuality in the Christian churches. The author argues that all sexual activity, both hetero-sexual and homosexual in orientation, should be judged appropriate for Christians when it is a responsible, mutually respectful and loving act between adult persons that is intended to enhance the building and maintaining of whole persons. Therefore, if a person is in all other ways qualified for membership and its contingent responsibilities in the Christian community (or any other community), his or her sexual orientation and behavior should not be a barrier.

Wright, David F., "Homosexuality: the relevance of the Bible", The Evangelical Quarterly 61 (October 1989), 291-300

B: Jewish Scriptures (Old Testament)

[Standard commentaries on the various books of the Jewish Bible are not cited here. Clearly further research requires that such volumes be consulted.]

Alpert, Rebecca T., "In God's image: coming to terms with Leviticus", in C. Balka, ed. Twice Blessed: On Being Lesbian, Gay, and Jewish, (1989), 61-70

Astor, Michael, "Tamar the Hierodule", Journal of Biblical Literature 85 (1966), 185-96

Argues the "kedeshim" were indeed male cult prostitutes.

Barton, George A, "Sodom", in James Hastings, ed., Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, (New York: Charles Scribner's and Sons, 1921), Vol 10, p672

Early denial of homosexual interpretation of Sodom legend.

Bird, Phyllis A., "Genesis 1-3 as a Source for a Contemporary Theology of Sexuality", Ex Auditu 3 (1987), 31-44

Brunner, Hellmut, "Gen 19 und das "Frauenverbrechen"", Biblische Notizen: Beitraege zur exegetischen Diskussion, no 44, 1988, 21-22

Comstock, Gary David, "Jonathan as covenant maker and nurturer" (title inexact) in Michael L. Stemmeler, & Jose Ignacio Cabezon, eds., Religion, homosexuality, and literature, (Las Colinas, Tex. : Monument Press, 1992)

A paper which focuses on the role of Jonathan in the story of David and Jonathan. Jonathan has often been dismissed as an uninteresting character, but Comstock argues that this misses several important aspects of Jonathan's role.

"David und der heilige Augustin, zwei Bisexuelle", JFZ 2 (1900), 288-94

Early German discussion of David's bisexuality, along with St. Augustine's.

De Young, James B., "The contributions of the Septuagint to biblical sanctions against homosexuality", Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 34 p157-177, June 1991

De Young, James B., "A critique of prohomosexual interpretations of the Old Testament apocrypha and pseudepigrapha", Bibliotheca Sacra, 147 October-December 1990, 437-454

Douglas, Mary, Purity and Danger, (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1966)

Vastly influential book by an anthropologist who examined the Levitical code and argued that it is a purity code. She explores what this means. See Countryman for one use of her ideas.

Edwards, George R., "A Critique of Creationist Homophobia", in Richard Hasbeny, ed., Homosexuality and Religion, (New York: Harrington Park Press, 1989), book format of the Journal of Homosexuality 18:3/4 (1989/90), 93-118

Looks at issues arrsign from Genesis 1-3

Engelsing, Rolf, Wie Sodom und Gomorrha : d. Zerstorung d. Stadte, (Berlin : Mann, 1978)

Epstein, Louis M., Sex Laws and Customs in Judaism, rev. ed., (New York: KTAV, 1967)

Not sympathecti to gays, but good on the history of prohibtions. Stresses that "to'evah" ('abomination') is related to idolatry.

Fields, Weston W., Sodom and Gomorrah : tradition, motif, and message : a traditio- literary study of Genesis 19 and related Biblical narratives, (Israel : h. mo. l., 1992, Thesis (Ph. D.)--ha-Universitah ha-Ivrit bi-Yerushalayim, 1992)

Gaiser, Frederick J., "Homosexuality and the Old Testament", Word & World: Theology for Christian Ministry 10 Spring 1990, 161-165

Gangel, Kenneth, The Gospel and the Gay, (Nashville: Nelson, 1978)

Sees homosexuality as "tragic". Mainly looks at the Old Testament (Jewish Scriptures),

Goldberg, Jonathan, ed., Reclaiming Sodom, (1994)

Collection of articles on the use of the term Sodom, mostly in European literature, but also looking at Islam. First article addresses Sodom as a biblical nexus.

Graves, Robert and Raphael Patai, Hebrew Myths: The Book of Genesis, pb. (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1966).

Tells Genesis stories usiing *all* theavailable historical material.

Hay, Henry, "The Moral Climate of Canaan at the Time of the Judges", ONE Institute Quarterly 1 (Spring 1958), 8-16 and 2 (Summer 1958), 50-59

By one of the founders of the modern gay movement.

Hoffner, Harry A., "Incest, sodomy and bestiality in the ancient Near East", in Orient and Occident: essays for C H Gordon; ed by H Ahoffner, 1973 81-90

Horner, Tom, Jonathan Loved David: Homosexuality in Biblical Times, (Philadelphia: Westeminster, 1978)

Long and thorough discussion of all the important Biblical texts. Argues that David did love Jonathan. Horner holds a Ph.D. from Columbia and Union Theological Seminary and is an Anglican priest.
Hunter, W. F., Journal of Psychology and Theology 8 p81 Spring 1980
Furnish, Victor, Perkins Journal 32 p48-49 Fall 1978
Barre, M. L., The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 41 p463-465 July 1979

Ide, Arthur Frederick., Gomorrah & the Rise of Homophobia, (Las Colinas : Liberal Press, 1985)

This author publishes a great deal of what look like relevent material, but does not seem to be reffered to by other authors.

Ide, Arthur Frederick., The City of Sodom & Homosexuality in Western Religious AThought to 630 CE, (Dallas : Monument Press, 1985)

Ide, Arthur Frederick., Noah and the Ark: The Influence of Sex, Homophobia and Heterosexism in the Flood Story (1992)

Johnson, Paul, Homosexuality and the Biblical Texts, (?:?, 1994) , revised version of Gays and the Bible

Kyle, Melvin Grove, Explorations at Sodom : the story of ancient Sodom in the light of modern research, (New York : Arno Press, 1977, 1928., reprint of the 1928 ed. published by F. H. Revell Co., New York).

Linscheid, John, "Prophets in our midst (reflection on Ezekial, homosexuality, and "being prophetic", The Other Side 27:50-54 (January-February 1991)

Loader, J. A., A Tale Of Two Cities : Sodom And Gomorrah In The Old Testament, Early Jewish And Early Christian Traditions, (Kampen : J.H. Kok Pub. House, 1990)

Martin, Damien, "The Perennial Canaanites: the Sin of Homosexuality", Etc 41 (1984), pp. 340-361

Niditch, Susan, "The `Sodomite' Theme in Judges 19-20: family, Community, and Social Disintegration", Catholic Biblical Quarterly 44 (1982), 365-78

Oswalt, John N., "The Old Testament and Homosexuality" in Charles W. Keysor, ed., What Your Should Know About Homosexuality, (Grand Rapids MI: Zondervan, 1979), 69-71

Parker, Simon B., "The Hebrew Bible and Homosexuality", Quarterly Review, 11:3 (1991),

Phillps, Antony, "Uncovering Father's Skirt". Vetus Testamentum 30 (1980), 38-43

On Deut. 23:16, Lev 18:7 and Gen 9:20 ff - sees them as prohibitions against sones seducing fathers. ABSTRACT: Deut 23:1b is not to be interpreted in the light of Deut 23:1a. It is drafted not as an explanation of the prohibition of marriage with a step-mother, but as a separate command, and laws do not repeat themselves. It prohibits some kind of sexual immodesty or act with one's father and is a deliberate enactment of the Deuteronomist being part of his anti-Canaanite material, for it reflects Ham's immodest treatment of Noah (Gen 9:20ff). It was added at the head of the list of prohibited sexual relations in Lev 18:7ff which the Canaanites, the former inhabitants of the land, were held to have committed (Lev 18:24ff) because no relationship was more abhorrent to the Israelites than that associated with Ham, father of Canaan.

Roth, Wolfgang, "What of Sodom amd Gemorrah? Homosexual Acts in the Old Testament", Explor 1:2 (Fall, 1975), 7-14

Makes good use of Mary Douglas' appraoch to the Torah.

Stager, Lawrence E., "Eroticism and infanticide at Ashkelon", Biblical Archaeology Review 17 p34-43,45-53,72 July-August 1991

Stott, John R.W., "Homosexual Partnerships?", in Involvement, vol 2. Social and Sexual Relationships in the Modern World, (Old Tappan NJ: Revell, 1985)

Thompson, J.A., "The Significance of the word `love' in the David-Jonathan Narratives in 1 Samuel", Vetus Testamentum 24 (1974), 334-38

Thurston, Thomas, "Leviticus 18:22 and the Prohibition of Homosexual Acts", in Michael L. Stemmeler, & J. Michael Clark, eds. Homophobia and the Judaeo-Christian tradition, (Dallas : Monument Press : Distributed by Publishers Associates, 1990), 7-23

Ukleja, P. Michael, "Homosexuality and the Old Testament", Biblia sacra 104 (1983), 259-66

Wood, Robert W., "Homosexual Behavior in the Bible", ONE Institute Quarterly 5:1 (1962), 10-19

Sees both David and Jonathan, and Ruth and Naomi stories as probably homosexual.

Yamauchi, Edwin M. "Was Nehemiah the Cupbearer a Eunuch?",Zeitschrift fuer die alttestamentliche Wissenschaft 92:1 (1980) 132-142

[Abstract from database]. According to Neh 1:11 Nehemiah was a cupbearer to the Persian king. Extrabiblical texts and artistic representations reveal the importance of this office. From a variety of argument, chiefly references in Ctesias, most scholars have concluded that Nehemiah was probably a eunuch. A critical examination of these arguments, however, reveals that many of them are untenable or less than convincing. Though Nehemiah may have been a eunuch, we cannot assert that this was more than a possibility.

C: New Testament

Allison, Dale C. "Eunuchs Because of the Kingdom of Heaven (Matt 19-12)", TSF Bulletin 8: 2 November-December 1984, 2-5

Argues that the original meaning of the Lord's words in Matt 19:12 is to be gained through 1) knowledge of the status and classification of eunuchs in ancient Judaism; 2) awareness of the existence of a common proverbial sentence pattern (see, for example, Prov 20:15; 27:3; 30:33; Matt 8:20; 12:25-26) and 3) reflections on the polemical context of Jesus' ministry. All this leads to the conclusion that Matt 19:12 was the carefully formulated response to the derogatory jeer that Jesus was a eunuch".

Borg, Marcus, "Homosexuality and the New Testament", Bible Review, 10:6 (1994)

Brooten, Bernadette J, "Paul's Views on the Nature of Women and Female Homoeroticism", in Clarissa W. Atkinson et al, eds, Immaculate and Powerful: The Female in Sacred Image and Social Reality, (Boston: Beacon Press, 1985)

Brooten, Bernadette J., "Patristic interpretations of Romans 1:26", in Studia Patristica 18: 1, (1985), 287-291

Coffin, William Sloane, "Homosexuality; text: Acts 10:1-20", Church and Society, 73 No 2 p14-19 November-December 1982

Cote, Pierre-Rene, "Les eunuques pour le Royaume", Eglise et Theologie (Ottawa) 17:3 (1986) 321-334

Countryman, L. William, Dirt, Greed & Sex: Sexual Ethics in the New Testament and Their Implications for Today, (Philadelphia: Fortress Press, 1988)

Countryman, L. William, The Bible and Sex: How St Paul Faced New Moral Questions, (Cinncinnati: Forward Movement Publications, 1989)

Pamphlet which examines 1 Corinthians 7, and suggests that St. Paul's approach was complex and non-dogmatic.

Craddock, Fred, "How does the New Testament deal with the issue of homosexuality?", Encounter (Indianapolis), 40 p197-208 Summer 1979

Devor. Richard, C., "Homosexuality and St. Paul", Pastoral Psychology 23 [no. 224] (Mar 1972), 50-58

De Young, James B., "The meaning of "nature" in Romans 1 and its implications for biblical proscriptions of homosexual behavior", Journal of the Evangelical Theological Society, 31, December 1988, 429-441

Doughty, Darrell, "Homosexuality and Obedience", Church and Society 67:5 (May-Jun 1977), 12-23

Insists on looking at theology, not a new New Testament law for answers.

Eron, Lewis J., "Early Jewish and Christian attitudes toward male homosexuality as expressed in the Testament of Naphtali", in Homophobia and the Judaeo-Christian tradition; ed by M Stemmeler 1990, 25-49

Furnish, Victor Paul, The Moral Teaching of Paul; Selected Issues, 2nd ed. (Nashville:Nelson, 1985)

Pp 52-83 sees St. Paul as condemning "exploitative homosexuality.

Hays, R.B., "Relations Natural and Unnatural: A Response to John Boswell's Exegesis of Romans I", Journal of Religious Ethics 14 (1986), pp. 184-215

Widely cited attack on one aspect of Boswell's argument. Criticised by William Countryman in Dirt Greed and Sex .

Ide, Arthur Frederick, Battling with beasts : sex in the life and letters of St. Paul : the issue of homosexuality, heterosexuality, and bisexuality, (Garland, Tex. : Tangelwuld Press, 1991)

Jeremias, Joachim, "Zu Rm I 22-32", Zeitschrift fuer die nuetestamentliche Wissenschaft 45 (1954), 119-121

Johansson, Warren, "Whoever Shall Say to His Brother Racha (Matthew 5:22)", Cabirion and Gay Books Bulletin 10 (1984), 2-4

Argues that "racha" is a loan word meaning "passive" effeminate homosexual. Since "moros" (which means "fool") can also mean "active" homosexual, Johansson is arguing here that Jesus is saying something like 'Don't call your brother "queer" or "faggot"'.

Johnson, Luke Timothy, "Scripture and Spirit", Commonweal 121:2 (Jan 28 1994), 11-14

Sole "pro-gay" voice in an infamous Commonweal special on homosexuality whihc had no lesbian or gay contributor. Concludes by asking "are there narratives of homosexual holiness to which we must begin to listen?'

Kahler, Else, "Exegese zweier neutestamentlicher Stellen" in Theodor Bovet, ed., Probleme der Homophilie in medizinischer, theologischer und juristischer Sicht, (Bern: Haupt, 1695), 12-43.

Looks at Romans 1:18-32 and I Cor 6:9-11.

Krauss, Samuel, Das Leben Jesu nach juedishen Quellen, (Berlin: S. Calvary, 1902)

Mentions sources for a combat in the air betweem Jesu and Judas in which Judas sodomizes his opponent! pp. 8, 268

Linscheid, John, ed., Christians and Homosexuality - A Discussion of Biblical and Ethical Issues, 2nd ed., (Philadelphia: the Other Side, 1990)

O'Donovan, Alice, "Lesbian and gay: the gospel and the church", in Theology and identity; ed by D Johnson, 1990, 164-170

Petersen, William L."Can arsenokoitai be translated by "homosexuals" (1 Cor 6:9; 1 Tim 1:10)", Vigilae Christianae: A Review of Early Christian Life andLanguage 40:2 June 1986, 187-191

Petersen, William L., "On the Study of "Homosexuality" in Patristic Sources", Studia Patristica 20 (1989), 283-88

Criticises both Boswell and David Wright [misnamed as "John Wright"] on the issue of "arsenokoitai", especially Wright's defence of the RSV translation as "homosexuals". Argues that the word does not mean "all male-male sexual acts", although he does a general Christian aversion to all sex.

Robin Scroggs, The New Testament and Homosexuality: Contextual Background for Contemporary Debate, (Philadelphia: Fortress Press: 1983)

reviewed by:-

Blair, R., in Review: Quarterly of Evangelicals Concerned 8 (Fall 1983)

Blair, R., The Other Side 149 (February 1984), 50

Boswell, John, in The Journal of Religion 67:3 (July 1987), 365

Brooks, Oscar S., in Pastoral Psychology 34:4 (Summer 1986), 288-290

Charles, Howard H., in The Conrad Grebel Review 5 (Fall 1987), 272-274

Countryman, L. William, in Anglican Theological Review 67 (January 1985), 100-101

Greenfield, Guy, in Southwestern Journal of Theology 27:2 (Spring 1985), 68-69

Guinan, M. D., in Biblical Theology Bulletin 14 (October 1984), 168-169

Hanigan, J. P., in Horizons: the Journal of the College Theology Society 11 (Spring 1984), 203-204

Hanson, John S., in Journal of Ecumenical Studies 22 (Winter 1985), 148-149

Horner, T., in Saint Luke's Journal of Theology 27 (March 1984), 147-148

Houlden, J. L., in The Expository Times 95 (February 1984), 154-155

Jennings, J. A., in The Christian Century 101 (May 23 1984), 556-557

Jewett, Paul K., in Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 39 (April 1985), 208-210

Malina, Bruce J., in The Catholic Biblical Quarterly 47 (January 1985), 173-174

Omanson, R. L., in Review and Expositor: A Baptist Theological Journal 81 (Winter 1984), 142-143

Timm, R. E. in Dialog 23 (Summer 1984), 226-228

Wall, R., in TSF Bulletin 8:2 (November-December 1984), 24-25

Wright, D. F., in Scottish Journal of Theology 38:1 (1985), 118-120

Rossman, Parker, Sexual Experience Between Men and Boys: Exploring the Pederast Underground, (New York; Association Press, 1976)

Looks, inter alia, at background of Roman pederesty to certain NT passages.

"St Paul speaks: "no" to gays", Christianity Today, 22 p65-67 May 19 1978

Smith, Don, Early Christianity and 'the homosexual': a postscript to a blasphemy trial and a challenge to Mrs Whitehouse (in 'measured tones'), (London: Quantum Jump Publications, 1979)

Response to Mary Whithouse, a British anti-gay and anti-sex activist, who brought a successful "blasphemous libel" prosecution against "Gay News" in the mid 1970's over its publication of a poem by James Kirkup in which a soldier fantasises about having sex with the dead Christ.

Smith, Morton, Clement of Alexandria and a Secret Gospel of Mark, (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1973)

Tries to show a gospel fragment about Jesus' nocturnal initiation of a young man.

Smith, Morton, The Secret Gospel: The Discovery and Interepretation of the Secret Gospel of Mark, (New York: Harper and Row, 1973)

Smith, Morton, "Clement of Alexandria and the Secret Mark: The Score at the End of the First Decade", Harvard Theological Review 75 (1982), 449-61

Reviews ten years of controversy.

Tarachow, Sidney, 'St. Paul and early Christianity: A Psychoanalytic and Historical Study", in W. Muensterberge, ed., Psychoanalysis and the Social Sciences, (New York: International Universities press, 1955), vol 4: 223-81

Argues that Paul had a need for male companionship and that his life and ethcis bear "a strong latent homosexuality."

Ukleja, P. Michael, "The Bible and homosexuality, pt 2: homosexuality in the New Testament", Bibliotheca Sacra 140 October-December 1983, 350-358

Tiede, David L., "Will idolaters, sodomizers, or the greedy inherit the kingdom of God? A pastoral exposition of 1 Cor 6:9-10", Word & World: Theology for Christian Ministry 10, Spring 1990 147-155

Vischer, Lukas, Die Auslegungsgeschicte von I Kor 6, 1-11: Rechtsverzicht und Schlichtung, Beitaege zur Geschichte der neutestamentlichen Exegese 1, (Tuebingen: J.C.B. Mohr, 1955)

Wengst, Klaus, "Paulus und die Homosexualitaet: uEberlegungen zu Roem 1:26f" Zeitschrift fuer Evangelische Ethik 31:1 p72-81 1987

Wright, David F., "Homosexuals or Prostitutes? The Meaning of Arsenokoitai (1 Cor 6:9, 1 Tim 1:10", Vigiliae Christianae 38 (1984) 125-53

Serious attack on Boswell's argument that this word does not mean "homosexual". Wright, a conservative evangelical historian at the University of Edinburgh, notes he origin of the word in the Greek of the Septuagint of Leviticus 18:22. Boswell responds in Same-Sex Unions. When Wright first presented these ideas, which are significant, at a University of Edinburgh Faculty Synposium, he began by making a series of homophobic jokes about Boswell's use of the word "gay". ABSTRACT: This article [attempts to] shows that John Boswell's claim (Christianity, Social Tolerance and Homosexuality, 1980) that arsenokoitai means male prostitutes, not male homosexuals, is groundless. The word probably originated in Hellenistic Judaism, based on the very close parallel in Lev 18:22, 20:13 LXX. Levitical influence apparently underlies its use in Or.Sib. 2:73. Evidence is adduced from the early NT versions, occurences in early Christian literature, where it often parallels paidophthoria, and the linguistic structure of this and similar compounds.

Wright, David F., "Translating arsenokoitai (1 Cor 6:9; 1 Tim 1:10)", Vigilae Christianae 41:4 (1987), 396-398

Wright, David F., "Early Christian Attitudes to Homosexuality", Studia Patristica 18:3 (1989) 329-33

Critic of Boswell, again. Calls Ausonius a "half-baked Christian. quite.

Zaas, Peter, "Was Homosexuality Condoned in the Corinthian Church?", in P. J. Achtemeier, ed., Society of Biblical Literature 1979 Seminar Papers, (Missoula: SBL, 1979), vol 2, 205-12

Looks at comparative material from ancient texts.


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