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Selected Sources: The Crusades



The First Crusade

There are many translations of texts about the First Crusade. Dana C. Munro ["Urban and the Crusaders", Translations and Reprints from the Original Sources of European History, Vol 1:2, (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1895)] and August. C. Krey, [The First Crusade: The Accounts of Eyewitnesses and Participants, (Princeton: 1921)] both translated selections of crusader sources organized around events. There have been more recent translation of many of these texts [see WEB Crusader Sources in Translation], but they are still copyrighted. Here the texts by Krey and Munro are presented in two ways: first as printed - with collected texts from various historians on a specific issue; and then with all the available texts from each historian collected together.

The Kingdom of Jerusalem
The Crusader Orders
The Second Crusade and Aftermath
The Third Crusade
The Fourth Crusade

The Fifth and Later Crusades

After the Fourth Crusade, the nature of the movement changed. Never again was there a general multinational crusade directed at the Holy Land. The experiences of 1187-92 had shown that Egypt was the base of Muslim power, and so expeditions were directed there. It would be a mistake to see the end of crusading fervour however. During the thirteenth century there were eight large expeditions, as well as other manifestations of crusading ideas. None of these expeditions could avoid the effects of the rise of the Mongols and Mamelukes in the Middle East - where armies increased in size and made the small Western units meaningless. The eight thirteenth-century expeditions were:

  1. 1218, Andrew of Hungary's Crusade
  2. 1218-21, The Fifth Crusade
  3. 1228-29, Frederick II's Crusade
  4. 1239, Thibaut of Navarre's Crusade
  5. 1240-41, Richard of Cornwall's Crusade
  6. 1248-54, The Sixth Crusade - St. Louis's Crusade
  7. 1270-72, Edward of England's (Later Edward II) Crusade
  8. 1270 St. Louis's second Crusade [To Tunis]

The Effects of the Crusade Ideal in the West
  • Battle of Lepanto
  • Allenby in Jerusalem

NOTES: copyrighted means the text is not available for free distribution. In some cases alternate versions are available, and are working through the pipeline. Dates of accession of material can be seen in the New Accessions Page. The date of inception was 1/20/1996. Links to files at other site are indicated by [At some indication of the site name or location]. No indication means that the text file is local. WEB  indicates a link to one of small number of high quality web sites which provide either more texts or an especially valuable overview.
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created 1996: last revised 3/21/2007