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Internet Medieval Sourcebook

Selected Sources: Sex and Gender


  • Women's Roles
    • General
    • Women in Religion
    • Women as Writers
    • Women in Politics
    • Noblewomen
    • "Middle" Class Women
    • Towns Women
    • Peasant Women
    • Jewish Women
    • Women at Home
    • Women at Work Outside the Home
    • Women in Business Activities
    • Woman and Misogyny
  • Men's Roles
  • Constructions of Sexuality and Gender
    • General
    • Legal Control of Sexualuty
    • Theological Norms
    • Homoerotic/Transgendered Subcultures
  • Marriage
    • General
    • Theology
    • Law and Marriage
    • Married Lives

Women's Roles
  • General
  • Women in Religion
    • WEB Matrix: A collection of resources for the study of women's religious communities, 500-1500, [At USC].
      This includes a database of 1146 women's communities and a Documents page, with documents from women's communities at Laycock (13th century), San Sisto (13th century), Santa Francesca Romana (15th century).
    • Socrates Scholasticus: The Murder of Hypatia.
      A leading female philosopher, Hypatia was murdered by a Christian mob in Alexandria, urged on by St. Cyril.
    • Gregory of Nyssa (c.335-d.c.395): Life of Macrina, trans. W.K. Lowther Clarke. Full text.
      One of the most important lives of a female saint. This is an account of Gregory's strongminded sister, Macrina (c.327-379).
    • Life of Matrona of Perge, d.c. 510-515, trans Khalifa Ben Nasser, [full text of Metaphrastic Life: selections from Vita Prima].
      An example of a "transvestite" saint who was also a historical figure.
    • Holy Women of Byzantium: Ten Saints' Lives in English Translation [At DO] 
      Complete texts of translations of female saints lives.
      • A. Nuns Disguised as Monks
        • 1. Life of St. Mary/Marinos / translated by Nicholas Constas
        • 3. Life of St. Mary of Egypt / Maria Kouli
        • 4. Life of St. Theoktiste of Lesbos / Angela C. Hero
      • C. Cenobitic Nuns
      • D. Pious Housewives
        • 8. Life of St. Mary the Younger / Angeliki E. Laiou
        • 9. Life of St. Thomaïs of Lesbos / Paul Halsall
      • E. A Saintly Queens
        • 10. Life of St. Theodora of Arta / Alice-Mary Talbot /
  • The Life of Liutberga, 9th Century, trans, Jo Ann McNamara. Full text.
  • Jacobus de Voragine, The Golden Legend (Aurea Legenda) 1275, As englished by William Caxton, 1483
    The full text of the 7 volume Temple Classics edition, available in large volume files, and individual feast/saint files, inlcuding a number of women saints.
  • Life of Irene, Abbess of the Convent of Chrysobalanton, trans. Jan Olof Rosenqvist.
  • Life of Mary the Younger, d.c. 903, trans Paul Halsall, [First five chapters, and concluding prayer].
  • Byzantine Monastic Foundation Documents [At DO]
    A Complete Translation of the Surviving Founder's Typika and Testaments.
    Contains many documenst by women monastic founders, and about female monasticism.
  • Ancrene Wisse, In Middle English, with some Latin. [At Google Books] A collection of rules and advice for English nuns.
  • Rule of the Lady Hospitallers of the Royal Monastery of Sigena, 1188, in Latin, [At Internet Archive, from Kansas]
    The Royal Monastery of Sigena was an institution of Lady Hospitallers and enjoyed a great deal of independence and influence. It would appear that its Rule was the work of Sancha, Queen of Aragon.

Men's Roles
Constructions of Sexuality and Gender

The Internet Medieval Sourcebook is part of the Internet History Sourcebooks Project. The Internet History Sourcebooks Project is located at the History Department of  Fordham University, New York. The Internet Medieval Sourcebook, and other medieval components of the project, are located at the Fordham University Center for Medieval Studies.The IHSP recognizes the contribution of Fordham University, the Fordham University History Department, and the Fordham Center for Medieval Studies in providing web space and server support for the project. The IHSP is a project independent of Fordham University.   Although the IHSP seeks to follow all applicable copyright law, Fordham University is not the institutional owner, and is not liable as the result of any legal action.

© Site Concept and Design: Paul Halsall created 26 Jan 1996: latest revision 20 January 2021