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Medieval Sourcebook:
Domesday Book:
Manors of the Abbey of St. Peter, Winchester, 1086

County of Hants. Manor of Micheldever.

The same Abbey holds Miceldevre (Micheldever) in demesne. In King Edward's time it was assessed at a hundred and six hides. It is now assessed at eighty-five hides and half a yardland. Here are seventy-two ploughlands; nine in demesne. Sixty-four villeins and twenty-eight cottagers have twenty-five ploughlands. There are twenty-two serfs; a mill, which yields thirty pence; thirty acres of meadow; and woods for four hogs. Of the land of this manor, HUGH DE PORT holds of the abbot twenty-two and a half hides and a yardland. Three hides and three yardlands are of the demesne lands. In King Edward's time, four freemen held, as four manors, Cranbourne, Drayton, Stratton, and East Popham, and could not remove, without loss of the land, according to the witness of the Jury of the Hundred. There are six and a half ploughlands in demesne. Six villeins and twelve cottagers have a ploughland and a half. There are seven serfs, and twentyfour acres of meadow. Of the land of this manor, HERBERT, the Chamberlain, holds seven hides. Three freemen held them in King Edward's time. ODO, Steward of the Household, holds five hides of the demesne land; and WALERAN, the huntsman, holds four hides and a half of the same.

Here are six ploughlands in demesne. Nine villeins and nine cottagers have four ploughlands. There are two serfs, and five acres of meadow. ALSI holds of this land six hides, and his father held it. AELDRED, brother of ODO, holds a hide and a half. His wife held it for her portion in King Edward's time. SIWARD, the huntsman, holds two hides, and he held it in King Edward's time. Here are (also) six ploughlands and a half in demesne; and five.villeins and two cottagers have a ploughland and a half; with nineteen serfs and seven acres of meadow.

The value of the whole manor was in King Edward's time sixty pounds; and when it came into possession forty pounds. The abbot's demesne is now worth fifty-seven pounds. HUGH DE PORT's holding is worth nineteen pounds; HERBERT's hundred shillings; ODO's fifty shillings; WALERAN's sixty shillings; ALSI's a hundred shillings; AELDRED's thirty shillings; and SIWARD's twenty shillings. Elsewhere ALSI holds a hide of the demesne lands of this manor; and there are there four villeins, who pay seven shillings.

County of Wilts. Manor of Manningford Abbots.

THE CHURCH OF ST. PETER, WINCHESTER, holds Manneforde (now Manningford Abbots). It was rated in King Edward's time at ten hides. Here are ten ploughlands. Of this land five hides and a half a yardland are in demesne, and there are there two ploughs and five serfs. Eight villeins and seven cottagers have two ploughlands and a half. The mill yields twelve shillings and sixpence. Here are ten acres of meadow. The pasture is half a mile long and a furlong broad. It was valued at six pounds; now at eight pounds.

County of Wilts. Manor of Pewsey.

The same church holds Pevesei (now Pewsey). In King Edward's time it was rated at thirty hides. Here are twenty-four ploughlands. Of this land, six hides and a yardland are in demesne, and there are there three ploughs and six serfs. Forty-six villeins, twenty-four cottagers and one borderer have eighteen ploughlands. Seven mills yield four pounds and five shillings. There are fifteen acres of meadow. The pasture is a mile and a half long, and equally broad. The wood is three furlongs long, and half a furlong broad. Of this land, a thane holds two hides, wanting one yardland; and could not be removed from the church. And ERNULFUS DE HESDING holds from the king two hides which the Abbot gave, in King Edward's time, to a thane, who could not be removed. It is worth twenty shillings. The abbot's demesne was worth twenty-six pounds. It is now worth twenty-eight pounds.


From: Domesday Book, translation from Liber Monasterii de Hyda, Edward Edwards, trans., (London: Longmans, Green, Reader, & Dyer, 1866), pp. cii-iii, cviii, cix, reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Hebert H. Coulson, eds., A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 48-50.

Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg.

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© Paul Halsall, September 1998