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Abbey of St. Trond:
Contention Over a Tithe, 1131

The collection and disposal of tithes was not always retained in the hands of bishops. In feudal times they fell into the hands of abbots and secular persons. This particular contention was settled in favor of the abbot, perhaps for the reason that the tithe was on glebe land belonging to the monastery.

In the name of the Holy and Indivisible Trinity.

Be it known to all the faithful of Christ, present and future, how I, Andrew, by the grace of God, Bishop of Utrecht, have given up in the fear of God and love of justice, a case of friction between me and the Abbot of Saint-Trond and his monks, which originated upon the investigation of some of my friends, and that I have altogether ceased in my molestation. For the said abbot and monks have, within the limits of our diocese, a certain church given to them for their sustenance in the town called Aalburg, more specifically in the village of Babilonia, a number of fallow fields, the tithe of which appeared to belong to our rights. We, however, though justice seemed to favor us somewhat, not intending in any way to molest those religious men, have transferred the same into their possession in order that they might invoke the mercy of God in their daily prayers for our sins. This, too, we have decreed for the stability of the transfer, that no one of this our episcopal see shall ever lay his hands on that tithe, but shall leave it to the aforesaid monks in their free possession. And in order that this may remain firm forever we have ordered this charter to be made out and have signed it and imposed our seal upon it.

Given in the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1131, etc.


C. Piot, ed., Cartulaire de l'Abbaye de Saint-Trond, (Brussels: Academie Royale de Belgique, 1870), p. 42; reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), p. 386.

Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg.

This text is part of the Internet Medieval Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use.

© Paul Halsall, October 1998
[email protected]


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