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Medieval Sourcebook:
Agreement on the Exploitation of a Silver Mine, 1180

In the year of the Incarnation of the Lord 1180, an agreement was made between Raymond Berenger, by the grace of God, Count of Provence, and William, Lord of Marseilles, about the silver mines of Toulon, viz., that the miners should have whatever they find as their own property together with the silver mined, wherever they find it, near Toulon; and purchases and sales of any lead and silver whatsoever ought to be divided in three parts, of which the Count will have one, William, Lord of Marseilles, another, and the miners another. But the taxes ought to be divided into two parts; the Count will have half, and William, Lord of Marseilles half; and all the said taxes ought to be collected and shared by the said miners. And it should be known that the said Count promised to defend Toulon with its territory as far as has been shown, and also all those coming and going, on land and sea, to the silver mine, or wherever they are in Provence on business with the said mine. Besides, it should be known that wherever lead or silver is taken from the said mine, it should be taken to Toulon; and all this just as was written above, William, Lord of Marseilles confirmed by oath in his own and his brother's name with one knight. And the Count swore the same with two knights.


From: Gustave Fagniez, Documents Relatifs à l'Histoire de l'lndustrie et du Commerce en France, (Paris: Alphonse Picard et Fils, 1898), Vol. I, p. 90, reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 78-79.

This text is part of the Internet Source Book. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

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© Paul Halsall, September 1998