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Henry III, Lord of Ireland:
Grant of Tolls in Dublin, 1233

Tolls were sometimes granted over a limited period of time, and for a specific object. The commodities named as entering the port of Dublin were not of such great variety but, as is apparent from the text, the list is incomplete.

The King to his beloved and faithful, the mayor and honest men of Dublin, greeting.

Know you that we have conceded in aid of our city of Dublin, for the enclosing and fortifying for security and defense of the same city, and of the parts adjacent, the following toll, which you may take in that city of Dublin from Christmas day for three complete years:

From every crannock of wheat coming to be sold at Dublin, 1 obole.

From every crannock of oats coming to be sold at the same city, 1 obole.

From every horse or mare, ox or cow, brought here for sale, 1 denarius.

From 5 hogs brought here for sale, 1 denarius.

From 6 sheep brought here for sale, 1 denarius.

From every last of hides brought here to be sold, and to be taken away, 12 denarii.

From every saccus of wool coming to the same city for sale, 3 denarii.

From every cask of wine coming here to be sold, 2 denarii.

From every pisa of grain coming here for sale, 2 denarii.

From every load of lead coming here for sale, 2 denarii.

From every bundle of cloth or other merchandise coming here, 2 denarii.

From every crannock of salt coming here for sale, 2 denarii.

From every pisa of fat, or from every pisa of cheese, coming here for sale, 1 denarius.

From every cask of honey or butter coming here for sale, 4 denarii.

From every mesa of herrings coming here for sale, 1 quadrans.

From every centenum of salmon coming here for sale, 1 denarius.

From every centenum of merchandise, to be sold by weight, coming here for sale, 2 denarii.

But by reason of this grant of ours nothing shall be taken from any of the said goods after the three years are completed; but immediately on the completion of that period the custom shall cease, and be utterly abolished. And therefore we command you that, as an aid to enclosing the said city, you take the said custom up to the end of the period, just as has been said.

Witness, the King, at Winchelcombe, on the twenty-eighth day of October, in the eighteenth year of our reign.


J. T. Gilbert, ed., Historical and Municipal Documents of Ireland, (London: Longmans, Green, 1870), pp. 96-97; reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 413-414.

Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg.

This text is part of the Internet Medieval Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use.

© Paul Halsall, October 1998