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Medieval Sourcebook:
Regulations of the Master Butchers of Tuln, 1237

The butchers of Tuln in Germany drew up their own regulations with the assent of the mayor. It is of interest to note that the Jews had the right to have cattle killed according to the dictates of their religion, but that they were expected to pay for the privilege.

1. The first is that none of the servants of the butchers shall presume to buy or sell cattle in the city or in the country.

2. The second is that no butcher presume to sell meat on the day on which the animal is killed.

3. The third is that none of them shall dare to attempt the purchase of meat from rural butchers on a market day.

4. The fourth is that if any butcher buys an ox for a talent, a Jew will pay twenty-four denarii for the killing of it, without causing delay for the denarii. Also for cattle which are bought for six solidi, a Jew will pay sixteen denarii for killing. Also for cattle which are bought for half a talent, a Jew will pay twelve denarii. Also for small cattle which are called chlovieh, a Jew will pay two denarii; for a lamb a Jew will pay one denarius.

5. Also it has been decreed that if any butcher buys bad meat the master craftsmen will seize that meat until he makes amends in the presence of the mayors.


From: F. Keutgen, ed., Urkunden zur Stadtischen Verfassungsgeschichte,(Berlin: Emil Felber, 1901), p. 360, reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 240-241

Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg.

This text is part of the Internet Medieval Source Book. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

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© Paul Halsall, September 1998