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An Inventory of the Abbey of St. Bertin, 867

The Abbey of St. Bertin made a survey of its possessions in the year 867. The various possessions of the Church of Saint Saviour, which belonged to the Abbey, together with its revenues and outlays were all described by classified lists.

Account of the goods, taxes, and expenses of the church of Saint Savior, when Hilduin, the Abbot, rightly took all these things from the hands of Gumbert on the first of September.

Concerning the ministry of the church of Saint Savior: There are 4 chests fitted with gold and silver; 3 crosses; 1 chalice with a silver paten; 1 copper thurible. There are 3 chalices there; 4 rings of bells suspended from ropes and finished in gold and silver.

Concerning clothing: 4 pallia, 1 linen altar cloth, 2 corporals, 3 girdles, 1 alb, 2 chasubles, 1 stole, 1 sword belt finished with gold, 1 deacon's dalmatic.

Concerning books: 1 missal, 1 lectionary, 1 antiphonal, 3 books of homilies, 1 Book of Kings, 1 book of the rite of baptism, the homily of Gregory, Epistles of Paul, Book of Genesis, Book of the Prophets.

Concerning land and servants: At the entrance to the church of Saint Savior there are 65 bonniers of arable land, 20 bonniers of meadow, 20 bonniers of acorn and beech wood, and 15 bonniers of small timber. There are 19 male and female servants who have only 7 holdings among them, the whole being 12 bonniers. There are 14 serfs. The herdsman has 4 bonniers, the shepherd, 3....

Concerning gifts to the poor: Also for dispensing to the poor 1 pisa of cheese, 5 solidi for cloth, setiers of fat, 1 large setier of honey.... 1 ounce of cumin, 1 ounce of gall-nut, cinnamon, cloves, 7 or 8 muids of wine, 1 muid at Mons, 3 pounds of wax. On the 26th of November, at the feast of the dedication of the church, for the needs of the brethren and the poor, 5 muids of fine flour, 15 of ale; for guests and the poor, 2 and a half pisa of cheese and 4 young pigs; for 365 poor as much coarse flour as is necessary, 5 solidi for cloth, 7 muids of wine, and 15 chickens. On the 27th of December 1 muid of wine to the brethren; the same on the 6th of January; the same on the 15th of February; and food for 100 people, 2 muids of coarse flour, 1 muid of beer with bread. On the 7th of March one muid for the poor, as above. On the octave of Easter, or at the feast of Easter, 1 muid for the poor, as above. On the 4th of May 1 muid for the poor, as above. On the 16th of July, 1 muid for the poor, as above. On the 6th of August, 1 muid for the poor, as above. On the 14th of September, 1 muid for the poor, as above. On the 12th of October, 2 cups for the poor, as above. 1 muid of new wine at the harvest.

Concerning the cattle: Ratwin has 7 cows, both young and old; 2 milk cows with calves; 3 heifers; 3 three-year-old heifers. He pays taxes. There are 10 head altogether. Vodel has 50 ewes with lambs; 23 ewes; 13 wethers; 50 lambs. There are altogether 136 head. In Cormeilles, Huobel has 13 wethers; 8 yearlings; 36 with lambs; 14 ewes; 36 lambs. There are 107 head altogether. He pays 30 pounds in tax. In Steneland there are 30 pigs, both large and small; there are 2 oxen for killing; 12 chickens; 3 ducks. There are 15 measures of spelt there over and above what is required for sowing; 30 loads of barley; 15 of oats; 2 loads of rye grass; 30 loads of hay. There are 300 head of oxen, cattle, sheep and pigs.

In the month of June in the following year, I, Gundbert, obtained, besides these, 2 tablets of purple marble, worth 4 pounds, 1 subdeacon's dalmatic, 1 hoop for a bell, worth 5 solidi in silver, divers books of the Old Testament. And I gave 8 denarii for wood for an altar in Boulogne.


B. E. C. Guerard, ed., Collection de Documents inédits sur l'Histoire de France, (Paris, 1840), Book II, pp. 164-167; reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 314-316.

Scanned by Jerome S. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg.

This text is part of the Internet Medieval Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use.

© Paul Halsall, October 1998
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