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Medieval Sourcebook:
Latin Kings of Jerusalem

From a message sent to MEDIEV-L@UKANVM.BITNET on 4-APR-1996 by Jean-Luc Bonnaud (which was a summary of several posts). I have translated Prof. Bonnaud's comments into English).


1099-1100 Godfrey of Bouillon
1100-1118 Baldwin of Le Bourg
1118-1131 Baldwin II
1131-1143 Fulk of Anjou
1143-1152 (Queen Melisende as Regent)
1143-1163 Baldwin III
1163-1174 Amalric I
1174-1185 Baldwin IV
1185-1191 Guy of Lusignan
1192-1197 Henry of Champagne
1197-1205 Amalric II,
1210-1225 John of Brienne, who ceded his rights to his daughter,
1225-1228 Isabella/Yolande, , who married Frederick II Hohenstaufen (d.= 1250).

After this it gets complicated:

The Cypriot Claim

In 1243, the high court of St-Jean-d'Acre declared Frederick's son Conrad deposed and assigned the regency to the kings of Cyprus, and then (in 1268) the crown as well. Hence the following kings of Cyprus would claim the title:

1218-1253 Henry I
1253-1267 Hugh II
1267-1284 Hugh III
1284-1285 John
1285-1331 Henry II

The kings of Cyprus go on to 1474, at which point Rene d'Anjou may have acquired the title

The Neapolitan claim

According to E. Leonard, Les Angevins de Naples, Presses Universitaires de France, 1954), Marie d'Antioche, petite-fille of the King of Jerusalem Amalric I, ceded, in 1269, to Charles I, King of Naples and Count of Provence, the right which she had to the Kingdom of Jerusalem. This cession was confirmed by the pope in 1277.

It follows then, that the kings of Naples and Counts of Provence henceforth possessed the title of King of Jerusalem. Thus the list of later kings of Jerusalem would be as follows:

1277-1285 Charles I
1285-1309 Charles II
1309-1343 Robert I
1343-1382 Jeanne I
1382-1384 Louis I
1382-1417 Louis II
1427-1343 Louis III
1434-1480 René d'Anjou
1480-1481 Charles III

See also: P. Durrieu. "Le titre de roi de Jerusalem et la France" in Travaux du Congres francais de la Syrie 2 (1919)

This text is part of the Internet Medieval Source Book. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history.

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© Paul Halsall May 1997

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